Trial separation dating
Better control over the process, with the use of the thermometer and saccharometer, was developed in Britain and transferred to the Continent, where the development of ice-making and refrigeration equipment in the late 19th century enabled lager beers to be brewed in summer.Munich has become associated with dark, strong, slightly sweet beers with less hop character.The dark colour comes from highly roasted malt, and other characteristic flavours arise during the decoction mashing process. The wort is made from malted barley, unmalted wheat, and aged hops.In Britain it has encouraged support for smaller, traditional ale breweries.
In the United States a growing number of “microbreweries” brew beers with more flavour and colour.
Brewing in the 21st century is a large-scale industry.